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Types of Diabetes

There are three main types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes (sometimes called Juvenile Diabetes) is usually found in young children and teenagers, but can also occur later in life. In Type 1 Diabetes, your body is not producing insulin. The normal treatment for people with type 1 diabetes is daily injections of insulin; which keeps the blood sugar level within normal ranges.

Type 2 Diabetes (sometimes called mature onset diabetes) is the most common form of diabetes. With Type 2 diabetes your body might be producing too little insulin, or it might not be reacting to the insulin correctly. Either way, the end result is that glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of going into the cells. Type 2 diabetes usually appears later in life, often between the ages of 40-64 years. As it often develops slowly, many people may not recognize the symptoms, and may have diabetes without knowing it. Left untreated, high blood sugar can cause serious long-term health problems.

Gestational Diabetes is a type of diabetes that is first seen in a pregnant woman who did not have diabetes before she was pregnant. In gestational diabetes, a woman's blood sugar is higher than normal because the other hormones produced during pregnancy interfere with insulin that is produced naturally. Gestational diabetes testing is done during the 24th to 28th weeks of pregnancy, and, in most cases, disappears once the baby is born.

While there can be complications caused by gestational diabetes, these can be managed by careful attention to nutrition and blood sugar levels. Women with gestational diabetes have a 40-60% chance of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.